Moksha (mukti) = release



The Charvaka1 observes that moksha (mukti), translated as release, liberation, emancipation, nirvana and so on, actually happens at biological death2 and when an animated body turns into an inanimate cadaver.


The promise by religious fantasists that moksha entails transition from this world (of suffering)3 to freedom in an hypothetical alternate non-tangible4 reality or simply freedom from rebirth in this world5 is egregious fraud, albeit beneficial.6 The fraud is intended to comfort, console and give hope to the suffering and make the fraudsters7 rich and powerful.



The Charvaka realises happens moksha if and when a8 problem, such as pain/suffering,9 has been resolved.10 However, such release, signalled11 with pleasure/joy, is achieved by perfecting the basic function12 of survival in one’s actual world.13




















© 2022 by Victor Langheld






1.     i.e. the mind-set of the individual who demands tangible, hence physical evidence as ‘proof’ (Sanskrit: pramana) of a claim.

2.     Two forms of death (i.e. cessation of animation) occur. Virtual (i.e. seeming) death (i.e. non-responsiveness) occurs when waking coma is self- or other-induced via concentration = distraction (and usually called samadhi). Attainment of virtual death is, for instance, perfected by means of YOGA. Actual death ensues when the heart stops beating and the brain, i.e. the biological navigation system (i.e. the BIO-Nav) ceases functioning.

3.     Described by mendacious Christian propagandists as ‘this vale of woe’ which, they falsely claim, serves as preparation for ‘the next world’, and promised as eternally blissful. Some rather more insane religious fraudsters, like St Augustine, even claim, without providing hard evidence, that only ‘grace’, rather than personal effort (or positive karma) can transport to the ‘next world.’

4.     That is to say, supernatural.

5.     To wit, freedom from samsara conceived of as the endless return/rebirth in this world. The extremely vague notions of samsara, karma and moksha were invented in the later Upanishads, round about 500BC to 200BC, as was the Vedantic notion of the human ideal, namely of the jivanmukta, that is to say, of the human ‘who is released while yet in the body,’ i.e. of the comatose escapist.

6.     In other words, a placebo.

7.     i.e. priests/politicians, such as the Pope and his cardinals and bishops.

8.     Indeed, any.

9.     Pain/suffering self-signals under- or dys-function, i.e. the failure to complete a survival function (in any world/locality).

10.    This was the stated goal of Samkya-Yoga, Buddhism and Jainism.

11.    Self-signalled by and individual’s auto-piloting system (as BIO-Nav).

12.    Or any (recursive) super-(i.e. surface structure) function of that basic (or ground) function.

13.    The basic function being to perfect/further (i.e. complete) one’s self-as-natural-emergent and which in turn perfects/furthers (i.e. completes) nature as a whole. In other words, happiness or joy signal self-perfection and which in turn perfects the world. The religious fantasists’, indeed supernaturalists’ notion of ‘escaping from the world’ to a ‘better world’ is infantile (i.e. serving primary developmental phase) nonsense.